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Making decisions


Documents established by the Council may take the form of regulations, directives, decisions, common actions, common positions, recommendations or opinions. The Council may also adopt conclusions, declarations and resolutions.

The Council usually makes decisions via a super-majority. This means that for a decision to be made a majority of votes of more than half is required.

If the adoption of an Act by the European Council and the Council requires a super-majority, the votes of the members are weighted in the following way:

Belgium - 12

France - 29

Austria - 10
Bulgaria - 10
Italy - 29
Poland - 27
Czech Republic - 12
Cyprus - 4
Portugal - 12
Denmark - 7
Latvia - 4
Romania -14
Germany - 29
Lithuania - 7
Slovenia - 4
Estonia - 4
Luxembourg - 4
Slovakia -7
Ireland - 7
Hungary - 12
Finland - 7
Greece - 12
Malta - 3
Sweden - 10
Spain - 27
Netherlands - 13
United Kingdom - 29


Until 31 October 2014 Acts adopted by a motion of the Commission have to be adopted via a majority of at least 255 votes in favour. In other cases, to be adopted Acts require at least 255 votes in favour cast by at least two thirds of members. For an Act to be adopted, the Member States forming the super-majority should represent at least 62% of the general population of the EU.

A blocking minority has to consist of at least four members of the Council. In any other case a super-majority is deemed to have been achieved.



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